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Oncogene. 1995 Dec 21;11(12):2553-63.

Isolation and characterisation of a uniquely regulated threonine, tyrosine phosphatase (TYP 1) which inactivates ERK2 and p54jnk.

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Cancer-Research Campaign Laboratories, Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, Garscube Estate, Bearsden, UK.


The recent discovery of the vaccinia virus protein phosphatase VH1, and its mammalian counterparts has highlighted a novel subfamily of protein tyrosine phosphatases that exhibit dual specificity toward phosphotyrosine- and phosphoserine/threonine-residues. We have identified further members of this subfamily. The characterisation of one clone in particular, which we have named threonine-tyrosine phosphatase 1 (TYP 1), encodes a protein homologous to CL100, but differs dramatically in its regulation. TYP 1 is not expressed in human fibroblasts unlike other CL100-like genes. Furthermore, northern analysis has demonstrated that following mitogenic stimulation of squamous cells, induction of TYP 1 mRNA reaches its maximal levels after four hours, in contrast to the immediate early CL100-like genes. Both TYP 1 and CL100 mRNAs are induced upon TGF-beta treatment of squamous cell lines sensitive to the growth factors antiproliferative effects. When TYP 1 is transfected into COS-1 cells, the gene product inhibits both ERK2 and p54 MAP kinase subfamilies. In addition, we show that purified TYP 1 protein efficiently inactivates recombinant ERK2 in vitro by the concomitant dephosphorylation of both its phosphothreonine and -tyrosine residues. TYP 1 encodes a nuclear protein, which when expressed in COS cells is stabilised by EGF treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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