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Metabolism. 1996 Jan;45(1):1-3.

Dose-responses for the slowing of gastric emptying in a rodent model by glucagon-like peptide (7-36) NH2, amylin, cholecystokinin, and other possible regulators of nutrient uptake.

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Amylin Pharmaceuticals, San Diego CA 92121, USA.


Several peptides have been proposed as regulators of nutrient release from the stomach and subsequent uptake from the gut. Using a phenol red gavage method, we compared the potencies of subcutaneously preinjected amylin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (7-36)amide (GLP-1), cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8), gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP), glucagon, and pancreatic peptide on slowing the release of an acaloric gel from rat stomach. The latter three peptides did not fully inhibit gastric emptying at subcutaneous doses up to 100 micrograms. Amylin, GLP-1, and CCK-8 fully inhibited gastric emptying, with ED50s of 0.42 +/- 0.07, 6.1 +/- 0.12, and 8.5 +/- 0.20 nmol/kg +/- SE of log, respectively.

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