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J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1995 Dec;34(12):1629-36.

Predicting diabetic control from competence, adherence, adjustment, and psychopathology.

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Department of Psychiatry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA.



To determine what psychological and behavioral factors were most predictive of diabetic control.


Seventy-nine youths with diabetes were assessed cross-sectionally, using youths' reports of self-esteem, anxiety, and attitudes about diabetes, and parents' reports of competence and psychopathology (from the Child Behavior Checklist) and diabetic adherence as independent variables. Glycosylated hemoglobin A1c was the dependent variable, reflecting diabetic control. After the effects of several background variables were partialed out, a principal-components analysis grouped the substantive variables into three larger components.


Among the background variables, duration of illness and family size significantly predicted diabetic control. Among substantive components, Competence/Adherence (including Total Competence, dietary compliance, and frequency of blood glucose checks) was highly predictive of diabetic control, primarily due to the effect of Total Competence. Adjustment (including self-esteem, anxiety levels, and attitudes about diabetes) and Psychopathology were less predictive. A model was constructed showing the relationships between these predictive components and diabetic control.


In this generally well-adjusted sample, that Total Competence, more than other measures, predicted diabetic control suggests it could be used by clinicians to anticipate diabetic youths at risk.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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