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Int J Cancer. 1996 Jan 3;65(1):80-4.

In vivo studies with interleukin-12 alone and in combination with monocyte colony-stimulating factor and/or fractionated radiation treatment.

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Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


Interleukin-12 (IL-12) was found to be an active anti-tumor agent in 3 established murine solid tumors: B16 melanoma, Lewis lung carcinoma and renal cell carcinoma (RenCa). IL-12 was well tolerated over a 100-fold dose range. Only the high-dose treatment of IL-12 resulted in a clear reduction in the number of lung metastases from B16 melanoma and Lewis lung carcinoma. Treatment of animals bearing Lewis lung carcinoma with IL-12 in combination with fractionated radiation therapy was markedly dose-modifying, indicating that IL-12 was acting synergistically with radiation. Treatment of animals bearing the same tumor with monocyte colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) along with fractionated radiation therapy resulted in a parallel increase in tumor growth delay with increasing dose of M-CSF, indicating that M-CSF was affecting a subpopulation of tumor cells in addition to those killed by radiation therapy. The combination of IL-12 with M-CSF was most effective with radiation therapy, especially in the clinically relevant dosages of 2 and 3 Gy per fraction. By isobologram analysis, IL-12 and M-CSF, along with fractionated radiation therapy, resulted in a greater-than-additive (synergistic) tumor response.

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