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J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 1995 Dec;55(3-4):291-6.

Cytotoxic actions of cytokines on cultured mouse luteal cells are independent of nitric oxide.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nishinomiya Municipal Central Hospital, Hyogo, Japan.

Abstract

We investigated the cytotoxic effects of various cytokines secreted by macrophages or T lymphocytes on luteal cells, and the role of nitric oxide (NO) produced by luteal cells in cytotoxic actions of cytokines. Mouse luteal cells were cultured in serum-free medium with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) or interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) alone, or with various combinations of these cytokines for 6 days. Cytotoxic actions of cytokines and NO production by luteal cells were evaluated by number of viable cells and the amount of nitrite and nitrate (stable metabolites of NO) in medium, respectively. IFN-gamma (1000 U/ml), TNF-alpha (3000 U/ml), or IL-1 beta (30 U/ml) alone, and the combination of TFN-alpha and IL-1 beta (10 U/ml) did not decrease number of viable cells and was without effects on NO production. The combination of IFN-gamma and IL-1 beta (10 U/ml) also did not decrease the number of viable cells, while it increased NO production a little but significantly. Combinations of INF-gamma and TNF-alpha, and IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta (10 U/ml) markedly decreased number of viable cells. The combination of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha increased NO production a little but significantly, and the combination of three cytokines (IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha, and IL-1 beta) caused a greater increase in NO production. An NO synthase inhibitor, L-NG-monomethy-L-arginine (0.5 mM) or aminoguanidine (0.5 mM) abolished increases in NO production induced by combinations of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha, and IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha and IL-1 beta completely without effects on number of viable cells. The present results indicate that combinations of cytokines including IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha induce death of cultured mouse luteal cells, and that the cytotoxic actions of these cytokines are independent of NO production by luteal cells.

PMID:
8541225
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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