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Genome. 1995 Oct;38(5):951-7.

Variability in wheat based on low-copy DNA sequence comparisons.

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Department of Plant, Soil and Environmental Science, Montana State University, Bozeman 59717, USA.


The chromosomes of the B genome of hexaploid wheat (AABBDD) do not pair completely with those of any of the diploid species with genomes similar to B. Various biochemical and molecular analyses have suggested that each of the five diploid species in section Sitopsis of Triticum are ancestral to B. These observations have led to the hypothesis that the B genome may be polyphyletic, descending from more than one diploid ancestor. This hypothesis may account for differences between the wheat B genome and the diploids and also for variability that currently exists among different wheat accessions. In this study, we cloned and compared nucleotide sequences for three low-copy DNA fragments from the B and D genomes of several wheat accessions and from diploid relatives of the B and D genomes. Our results suggested that the amount of DNA sequence variability in wheat is low, although somewhat more variability existed in the B genome than in the D genome. The B genome of wheat was significantly diverged from all the Sitopsis diploid species, and Triticum speltoides was closer to B than to other members of this section. The D genome of wheat was very similar to that of its progenitor, Triticum tauschii. No evidence for a polyphyletic origin of the B genome was found. A more parsimonious hypothesis is that the wheat B genome diverged from its diploid ancestor after the original hybridization event occurred.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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