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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1995 Sep;27(9):1270-7.

Diabetic nephropathy in an aerobically trained rat model of diabetes.

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1
School of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, Department of Pediatrics, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210, USA.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of aerobic training on indices of glycemic control, blood pressure, serum lipids, and diabetic nephropathy (DN) in an animal model of insulin deficient diabetes mellitus. Thirty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats made diabetic with streptozocin were randomly assigned to a trained group or a sedentary group. Fifteen sedentary-nondiabetic rats served as a control group. The animals were trained on a treadmill at 18 m.min-1, 8 degrees incline for 120 min.d-1, 5 d.wk-1. Blood and 24 h urine collections were obtained at various intervals throughout the study. At 21 wk of age systolic blood pressure was measured and kidney tissue was obtained for light and electron microscopy. Analysis of variance was used to detect differences among the groups (P < or = 0.05). The diabetes produced in this investigation resulted in hyperglycemia, increased urine albumin and total protein excretion, elevated systolic blood pressure, increased fractional volume of the mesangium, and widening of the glomerular basement membrane in the sedentary-diabetic animals. Aerobic training significantly reduced the increase in fractional volume of the mesangium and fructosamine. Most importantly, aerobic training did not augment the renal damage seen in DN.

PMID:
8531625
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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