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J Membr Biol. 1995 Sep;147(1):71-82.

Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels of human and rabbit erythrocytes display distinctive patterns of inhibition by venom peptide toxins.

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1
Departments of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Children's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Abstract

Despite recent progress in the molecular characterization of high-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ (maxi-K) channels, the molecular identities of intermediate conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels, including that of mature erythrocytes, remains unknown. We have used various peptide toxins to characterize the intermediate conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels (Gardos pathway) of human and rabbit red cells. With studies on K+ transport and on binding of 125I-charybdotoxin (ChTX) and 125I-kaliotoxin (KTX) binding in red cells, we provide evidence for the distinct nature of the red cell Gardos channel among described Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels based on (i) the characteristic inhibition and binding patterns produced by ChTX analogues, iberiotoxin (IbTX) and IbTX-like ChTX mutants, and KTX (1-37 and 1-38 variants); (ii) the presence of some properties heretofore attributed only to voltage-gated channels, including inhibition of K transport by margatoxin (MgTX) and by stichodactyla toxin (StK); (iii) and the ability of scyllatoxin (ScyTX) and apamin to displace bound 125I-charybdotoxin, a novel property for K+ channels. These unusual pharmacological characteristics suggest a unique structure for the red cell Gardos channel.

PMID:
8531201
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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