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CSF somatostatin increase in patients with early parkinsonian syndrome.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, Hospital PrĂ­nceps d'Espanya, Spain.


Somatostatin-like immunoreactivity levels (SLI) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were determined in twenty-three patients with untreated parkinsonian syndrome (15 with Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD) and 8 with other forms of parkinsonism) at the moment of clinical diagnosis (mean duration of disease 1.1 +/- 0.2 years), and in 26 subjects without neurological symptoms. None of the IPD patients had a diagnosis of dementia at the moment of inclusion in the study. CSF-SLI content was found to be significantly higher in patients with parkinsonian syndrome (107.9 +/- 9.8 pg/ml) than in control subjects (73.5 +/- 8.4 pg/ml). The increase was also significant when controls were compared with IPD patients. In addition, a positive correlation between SLI and homovanillic acid was found in CSF of all patients. A test of learning memory was used to evaluate the mental state of patients and a significant increase in CSF-somatostatin levels was observed in patients with Idiopathic Parkinson's disease and severe affectation of memory. These results indicate that in the early steps of untreated parkinsonian syndrome, somatostatin concentration in cerebrospinal fluid may increase, probably due to the neurodegenerative depletion of somatostatin from striatal or cortical neurons.

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