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Acta Histochem. 1995 Jul;97(3):321-31.

Demonstration of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in marmosets by NADPH diaphorase (NADPH-d) histochemistry and NOS immunoreactivity.

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Department of Anatomy, Free University of Berlin, Germany.


Since species interdiversity often prevents the extrapolation of laboratory rodent data to man and similar problems may exist for nitric oxide synthase (NOS), NADPH-d activity and immunohistochemistry of NOS were investigated in the New World monkey Callithrix jacchus (marmoset), which has been shown to be close to the human situation in many respects. Using the NADPHd reaction with beta-NADPH and nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) on acetone-chloroform pretreated cryosections, NBT formazan was found in many neural and non-neural (e.g. diverse epithelia, striated muscle fibers, vascular endothelium) cells in numerous tissues and organs. Prefixation with formaldehyde lowered the number of NADPH-d active sites and the amount of formazan with the exception of neuronal NADPH-d as did incubation of fresh or acetone-chloroform-pretreated sections for NADPH-d in the presence of 0.5% formaldehyde. When 1% formaldehyde or 0.5 mM permanganate were used significant amounts of formazan appeared only in central and peripheral neurons, vasal endothelial cells, small intestinal enterocytes, plasma membrane region of striated muscle fibers as well as arteriolar cells in the kidney; except for enterocytes, these observations were confirmed by NOS-immunohistochemistry which revealed in addition reactive cells in the thymus and intestinal lamina propria.

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