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Semin Arthritis Rheum. 1995 Aug;25(1):47-55.

Lupus in the 1980s: III. Influence of clinical variables, biopsy, and treatment on the outcome in 150 patients with lupus nephritis seen at a single center.

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Department of Medicine, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, University of California, Los Angeles, USA.


Of 500 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus observed at our center, 150 fulfilled criteria for lupus nephritis. Of these 150 patients, 91% were female, and 67% were white. The mean age of onset was 26.2 years, and the mean follow-up duration was 11.7 years. Biopsies (n = 142) performed on 107 patients showed the following World Health Organization (WHO) class distribution: class I, n = 1; class II, n = 13; class III, n = 19; class IV, n = 69; class V, n = 17; class VI, n = 8; and class not determinable, n = 15. Ninety-five patients were nephrotic. Therapeutic intervention courses given to all patients (n = 356) included parenteral (IV) cyclophosphamide (n = 58), high-dose oral steroids (n = 126), pulse steroids (n = 49), apheresis (n = 39), azathioprine (n = 43), oral cyclophosphamide (n = 5), nitrogen mustard (n = 27), and chlorambucil (n = 6). In addition to examining the course of disease for various subsets, various predictors for fatality and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) were analyzed. Descriptive data for the short-term response to five therapies are provided for the complete patient sample, proliferative disease, and nephrotic syndrome. Twenty patients died, primarily from cardiovascular complications and sepsis, with 97% and 92% 5- and 10-year survival rates, respectively. Twenty-nine were dialyzed, and 11 were transplanted. Risk of ESRD by WHO class at 5 years was as follows: class III, 0%; IV, 9%; V, 16% (P = .04 for class V v other patterns).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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