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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 Dec 5;92(25):11746-50.

The Bcr-Abl leukemia oncogene activates Jun kinase and requires Jun for transformation.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Medicine 90095-1678, USA.


The leukemogenic tyrosine kinase fusion protein Bcr-Abl activates a Ras-dependent pathway required for transformation. To examine subsequent signal transduction events we measured the effect of Bcr-Abl on two mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades--the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway and the Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway. We find that Bcr-Abl primarily activates JNK in fibroblasts and hematopoietic cells. Bcr-Abl enhances JNK function as measured by transcription from Jun responsive promoters and requires Ras, MEK kinase (MAPK/ERK kinase kinase), and JNK to do so. Dominant-negative mutants of c-Jun, which inhibit the endpoint of the JNK pathway, impair Bcr-Abl transforming activity. These findings implicate the JNK pathway in transformation by a human leukemia oncogene.

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