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Eur J Biochem. 1995 Nov 1;233(3):709-19.

Biochemical and functional properties of photosystem II in agranal membranes from maize mesophyll and bundle sheath chloroplasts.

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1
Biotecnologie Vegetali, Università di Verona, Italia.

Abstract

We have studied the occurrence and organization of photosystem II (PSII) in bundle sheath thylakoids and stroma lamellae from maize. As shown by non-denaturing lauryl beta-D- iminopropionidate (Deriphat)/PAGE, PSII exists in a dimeric form in grana membranes. In bundle sheath and stroma lamellae, however, only a monomeric form was found. Based on immunotitration data, we estimated the stoichiometry of the individual components of the PSII core complex and antenna systems. In stroma lamellae, all PSII antenna complexes had a stoichiometry similar to that in grana membranes, with the exception of light-harvesting complex II (LHCII) that was somewhat over-represented, while the minor antenna complexes CP26 and CP29 were under-represented. In bundle sheath, the amount of LHCII was approximately eight times higher than expected with respect to D1. The 33-kDa protein of the oxygen-evolving enhancer polypeptides was not detectable nor was the ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase, thus strongly suggesting that no significant linear electron transport occurs in bundle sheath thylakoids. Fluorescence induction data suggest that most of the PSII reaction centers in bundle sheath and stroma lamellae sustain electron transport towards a secondary acceptor pool. Stromal PSII centers are only weakly inhibited by 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (diuron), whereas, unexpectedly, dichlorobenzoquinone and methyl viologen had a pronounced inhibitory effect of the QA- reoxidation. An additional specificity of these centers is the slow rate (50-ms range) of the QA to QB electron transfer. The amplitude of variable fluorescence found in stroma lamellae can only account for a small fraction (1-2%) of the variable fluorescence of whole thylakoids. This suggests that stromal PSII cannot be solely responsible for the slow beta-phase of the induction kinetics.

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