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Br J Cancer. 1995 Dec;72(6):1441-6.

Relationship between tamoxifen-induced transforming growth factor beta 1 expression, cytostasis and apoptosis in human breast cancer cells.

Author information

1
Division of Surgical Oncology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk 23507, USA.

Abstract

Previously we have shown that tamoxifen (TAM) induces morphological and biochemical changes typical of apoptosis in oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive MCF-7 or ER-negative MDA-231 human breast cancer cells. In this study the effects of TAM on expression of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) were correlated with the effects on cell cycle kinetics and apoptosis. TAM had similar biphasic effects on both cell lines. Short-term (< 6 h) TAM incubation resulted in a slight decrease in TGF-beta 1 protein despite an increase in TGF-beta 1 mRNA and was associated with an increase in cells in S-phase. No apoptotic effects were noted. Longer (> or = 12 h) TAM incubation induced TGF-beta 1 protein (about 3-fold) and mRNA expression (about 2-fold) in both cell lines, and was associated with G1/G0 blockade and induction of apoptosis. The accumulation of TAM-induced TGF-beta 1 mRNA was increased by cycloheximide, but was not affected by 17 beta-oestradiol. Long-term incubation with TAM had no significant effect on TGF-beta 1 gene copy number. TAM-induced internucleosomal DNA cleavage was inhibited in both cell lines by the addition of an anti-TGF-beta 1 antibody. TAM has dose- and time-dependent effects on TGF-beta 1 expression associated with changes in cell cycle kinetics. These effects are independent of ER status and may be the result of a direct regulatory effect of TAM on TGF-beta 1 transcription. It also appears that induction of TGF-beta 1 plays an important role in TAM-induced apoptosis in breast cancer cells.

PMID:
8519657
PMCID:
PMC2034073
DOI:
10.1038/bjc.1995.527
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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