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Alcohol. 1995 Sep-Oct;12(5):453-7.

Liver antioxidant defenses in mice fed ethanol and the AIN-76A diet.

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Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506-0054, USA.


The effects of chronic alcohol (EtOH) ingestion on antioxidant defenses in mice fed AIN-76A liquid diets were investigated. C57Bl/6 female mice were divided into three groups and fed the AIN-76A liquid EtOH diet containing EtOH to provide 31% of total caloric intake (TCI), the same basic diet containing EtOH to provide 35% of TCI, or an isocaloric AIN-76A liquid control diet. After 3 weeks, the mice were killed and livers were excised for biochemical analysis. Liver reduced glutathione (GSH) levels, and activities of both Mn-superoxide dismutase (SOD) and Cu/Zn-SOD were significantly decreased by both levels of EtOH. Activities of catalase and glutathione transferase (GT) were significantly increased, whereas glutathione peroxidase (GP) activity was not affected by either level of EtOH. Our previous study using the Lieber-DeCarli liquid EtOH diet caused a decline of total SOD and GP activities. The results suggest that chronic EtOH administration decreases liver antioxidant defenses; however, the mice fed the AIN-76A EtOH liquid diet can maintain a higher antioxidant defense capability than those fed Lieber-DeCarli EtOH liquid diet.

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