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Acta Psychiatr Scand. 1993 May;87(5):364-7.

How well can a few questionnaire items indicate anxiety and depression?

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Department of Epidemiology, University of Oslo, Norway.


There is a need for a short form questionnaire with known psychometric characteristics that may be used as an indicator of level of global mental distress. A weighted sum of 5 questions from the Symptom Check List (SCL) anxiety and depression subscales (SCL-25) correlates at r = 0.92 with the global SCL-25 score. The alpha reliability for the (5-item) short form questionnaire was 0.85%. Age differences seemed to be trivial, and sex differences were moderate. Descriptive statistics for short form scores in a large, representative sample are given.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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