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Int J Psychiatry Med. 1993;23(1):81-94.

Update on factitious disorders.

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  • 1Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, New York.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Since factitious disorders entered the official psychiatric nomenclature in DSM-III and DSM-III-R, there has been a proliferation of reports and commentary about this unusual disorder. We present an update of the recent literature.

METHOD:

The psychiatric and medical literature was searched. Clinical reports and critical/theoretical papers were reviewed; eighty-five are summarized here.

RESULTS:

Available data is descriptive and anecdotal. Reports focus on the following four topics, which are discussed here: 1) diagnostic issues, 2) the newly proposed DSM-IV category of factitious disorder by proxy, 3) epidemiology and course, 4) new developments in treatment and management.

CONCLUSIONS:

Factitious disorders are uncommon but serious illnesses that present diagnostic and management dilemmas. Deriving systematic information about these illnesses is a major challenge.

PMID:
8514467
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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