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Genetics. 1993 May;134(1):159-73.

Extragenic suppressors of mutations in the cytoplasmic C terminus of SEC63 define five genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, New Jersey 08544-1014.


Mutations in the SEC63 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae affect both nuclear protein localization and translocation of proteins into the endoplasmic reticulum. We now report the isolation of suppressors of sec63-101 (formerly npl1-1), a temperature-sensitive allele of SEC63. Five complementation groups of extragenic mutations, son1-son5 (suppressor of npl1-1), were identified among the recessive suppressors. The son mutations are specific to SEC63, are not bypass suppressors, and are not new alleles of previously identified secretory (SEC61, SEC62, KAR2) or nuclear protein localization genes (NPL3, NPL4, NPL6). son1 mutations show regional specificity of suppression of sec63 alleles. At low temperatures, son1 mutants grow slowly and show partial mislocalization of nuclear antigens. The SON1 gene maps to chromosome IV and encodes a nuclear protein of 531 amino acids that contains two acidic stretches and a putative nuclear localization sequence. We show that son1 mutations suppress sec63-101 by elimination of Son1p function.

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