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Biotechniques. 1993 May;14(5):810-7.

A method for producing recombinant baculovirus expression vectors at high frequency.

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NERC Institute of Virology and Environmental Microbiology, Oxford, UK.


A system has been developed that can generate recombinant baculovirus expression vectors at frequencies approaching 100%. This system provides a selection for recombinant viruses by using the essential gene downstream of the Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV) polyhedrin expression locus. Two AcMNPV derivatives were constructed in which the expression locus and part of the downstream gene are flanked by restriction sites. The parental viruses are viable; however, restriction of the viral DNAs removes an essential piece of the viral genome. Transfer vectors carry a copy of the missing sequences downstream from the site into which foreign genes are inserted for expression; hence, recombination between a transfer vector and the restricted viral DNA can restore the integrity of the essential gene. Such recombination events also transfer any foreign gene present in the expression locus of the transfer vector to the viral genome. Recombinant viruses therefore have a selective advantage over nonrecombinant viral DNAs. Consequently, a high proportion of the viruses obtained by co-transfecting transfer vector DNA and restricted viral DNA of one of these new viruses expresses the target gene from the transfer vector. This system greatly reduces the time needed to make recombinant baculovirus expression vectors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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