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Mol Gen Genet. 1993 May;239(1-2):81-9.

Comparison of the nucleotide sequences of the meta-cleavage pathway genes of TOL plasmid pWW0 from Pseudomonas putida with other meta-cleavage genes suggests that both single and multiple nucleotide substitutions contribute to enzyme evolution.

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1
Department of Medical Biochemistry, University of Geneva, Switzerland.

Abstract

TOL plasmid pWW0 from Pseudomonas putida mt-2 encodes catabolic enzymes required for the oxidation of toluene and xylenes. The structural genes for these catabolic enzymes are clustered into two operons, the xylCMABN operon, which encodes a set of enzymes required for the transformation of toluene/xylenes to benzoate/toluates, and the xylXYZLTEGFJQKIH operon, which encodes a set of enzymes required for the transformation of benzoate/toluates to Krebs cycle intermediates. The latter operon can be divided physically and functionally into two parts, the xylXYZL cluster, which is involved in the transformation of benzoate/toluates to (methyl)catechols, and the xylTEGFJQKIH cluster, which is involved in the transformation of (methyl)catechols to Krebs cycle intermediates. Genes isofunctional to xylXYZL are present in Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, and constitute a benzoate-degradative pathway, while xylTEGFJQKIH homologous encoding enzymes of a methylphenol-degradative pathway and a naphthalene-degradative pathway are present on plasmid pVI150 from P. putida CF600, and on plasmid NAH7 from P. putida PpG7, respectively. Comparison of the nucleotide sequences of the xylXYZLTEGFJQKIH genes with other isofunctional genes suggested that the xylTEGFJQKIH genes on the TOL plasmid diverged from these homologues 20 to 50 million years ago, while the xylXYZL genes diverged from the A. calcoaceticus homologues 100 to 200 million years ago. In codons where amino acids are not conserved, the substitutions rate in the third base was higher than that in synonymous codons. This result was interpreted as indicating that both single and multiple nucleotide substitutions contributed to the amino acid-substituting mutations, and hence to enzyme evolution. This observation seems to be general because mammalian globin genes exhibit the same tendency.

PMID:
8510667
DOI:
10.1007/bf00281605
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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