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J Biol Chem. 1993 Jun 15;268(17):12484-91.

Role of the pseudosubstrate sequence in smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase thermal stability.

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St. Vincent's Institute of Medical Research, Fitzroy Victoria, Australia.


Smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) is stable in the presence of Ca2+/calmodulin and does not undergo inactivation as reported for skeletal muscle MLCK (Kennelly, P.J., Starovasnik, M.A., Edelman, A.M., and Krebs, E.G. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 1742-1749). The 61-kDa tryptic fragment of smMLCK-(283-779) with the pseudosubstrate/calmodulin binding sequence deleted undergoes rapid inactivation (t1/2 = 5 min at 25 degrees C). Thermal inactivation renders the 61-kDa fragment more susceptible to cleavage by trypsin. The pseudosubstrate sequence, smMLCK-(787-807) prevents inactivation with high potency (half-maximal protective concentration, PC0.5 = 102 +/- 9 nM). The hexapeptide smMLCK-(797-802), Arg-Arg-Lys-Trp800-Gln-Lys, protected with a similar potency (PC0.5 = 73 +/- 14 nM). The four basic residues as well as Trp were important for maintaining protection by the hexapeptide smMLCK-(797-802). Substitution of Trp800 with Ala or Leu increased the PC0.5 to 500 nM. However, substitution of both aromatic residues Tyr794 and Trp800 in the longer pseudosubstrate peptide-(787-807) had little effect, indicating that with the longer peptide other multiple interactions were sufficient to stabilize the enzyme. The peptide substrate MLC-(11-23) A14,15 was also protective (PC0.5 = 380 nM) as was Mg(2+)-ATP, Mg(2+)-ADP, and Mg2+ plus adenosine. The results demonstrate that the sequence extending from 787-815 encoding the previously identified overlapping pseudosubstrate and calmodulin binding sequences also contains residues that are essential for maintaining thermal stability but these exhibit distinct structure/function relationships.

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