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Acta Med Okayama. 1993 Apr;47(2):79-84.

Immunotherapy by a slow delivery system of interleukin-2 in mice models.

Author information

1
Okayama Central Hospital, Japan.

Abstract

A sustained release system for interleukin-2 (IL-2), and IL-2 mini-pellet (IL-2 mp), was developed by fusing IL-2 into a needle shaped collagen. Serum concentration of IL-2 after a single subcutaneous injection of the IL-2 mp into C57BL/6 mice remained elevated longer than after an injection of aqueous IL-2. IL-2 in the serum became undetectable by 6h after a subcutaneous injection of 1 x 10(6) unit of IL-2 in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). In contrast, after a single subcutaneous injection of IL-2 mp containing the same amount of IL-2, the concentration of IL-2 increased to its maximum at 6h after injection, then began to decrease gradually. IL-2 was detected even on the third day after a single subcutaneous injection of one IL-2 mp. Augmentation of NK activity and generation of IL-2 activated killer cells were observed in the spleen from day 1--day 3 after a single subcutaneous injection of IL-2 mp into C57BL/6 mice. This activation was not observed following a single subcutaneous injection of the same amount of IL-2 in PBS. Adoptive immunotherapy by a single subcutaneous injection of IL-2 mp followed by intravenous injections of in vitro cultured IL-2 activated killer cells showed better results in decreasing the number of metastases of Lewis lung carcinoma in C57BL/6 mice than immunotherapy using IL-2 solution.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
8506753
DOI:
10.18926/AMO/31570
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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