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J Child Neurol. 1993 Apr;8(2):149-53.

Brainstem and cerebellar vermis involvement in autistic children.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Tokushima School of Medicine, Japan.


Recent reports have suggested functional abnormalities of the brain stem in autistic children, and structural abnormalities have also been reported. We obtained magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans for 21 autistic children and compared them with 21 control MRI scans. The areas of the brain stem and cerebellar vermis were measured using midsagittal images. The brain stem and cerebellar vermis lobules VIII to X were found to be significantly smaller in autistic children. A positive correlation between the size of the brain stem and cerebellar vermis was observed in the autistic children. This correlation was not observed in the control children. This suggests that the size of the brain stem and cerebellar vermis are anatomically altered in autistic children and that growth of the brain stem and cerebellar vermis in autistic children is different from normal children.

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