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J Biomech. 1993;26 Suppl 1:7-21.

Citius, altius, longius (faster, higher, longer): the biomechanics of jumping for distance.

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Department of Exercise Science, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242.


The purpose of this paper is to review current knowledge concerning the long and triple jumps. Much has been learned over the past two decades about techniques in the long jump. Many myths have been dispelled and many training practices have been altered as a result. In all of this, the techniques employed during the takeoff have received little attention. It is in this area that the most important developments are likely to take place in the next decade. In contrast with the long jump, satisfactory answers have yet to be obtained to even the most fundamental of questions about techniques in the triple jump. The triple jump is an experimental task with potential for use in studies of human locomotion, of visual perception and control, of the strength of biological materials and of the mechanisms of soft tissue injury.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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