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Biochemistry. 1993 Jun 1;32(21):5711-7.

Regulation of the human neutrophil NADPH oxidase by rho-related G-proteins.

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Laboratory of Host Defenses, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


Superoxide production by phagocytic white blood cells requires the assembly of an NADPH oxidase from membrane and cytosolic proteins. Recombinant cytosolic proteins p47phox and p67phox and neutrophil membranes were used to purify a third cytosolic component that is necessary and sufficient for cell-free reconstitution of NADPH oxidase. The component was isolated as a complex of rho-GDP dissociation inhibitor (rho-GDI) and two members of the rho subfamily of ras-related guanine nucleotide binding proteins, rac2 and CDC42Hs. Oxidase reconstitution with these pure cytosolic proteins was unaffected by GTP gamma S but was inhibited by GDP beta S, suggesting that the active complex contained endogenous bound GTP. Direct binding of rho-GDI to the GTP gamma S-bound forms of these G-proteins was demonstrated by gel filtration following exchange with radiolabeled guanine nucleotide. rho-GDI was shown to be nonessential for cell-free oxidase reconstitution in experiments that compared the activities of pure recombinant forms of these G-proteins. Recombinant rac augmented superoxide production, while recombinant CDC42Hs, which shares 70% amino acid sequence identity with rac, did not. Three highly conserved regions of rac1 and rac2 were noted as markedly divergent in CDC42Hs. It is proposed that one or more of these regions of rac may be involved in the specific interaction of rac with the other NADPH oxidase protein(s).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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