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Arch Virol. 1993;130(1-2):131-43.

Comparison of replication rates and pathogenicities between the SA14 parent and SA14-14-2 vaccine strains of Japanese encephalitis virus in mouse brain neurons.

Author information

1
Department of Ultrastructural Pathology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, D.C.

Abstract

The replication rates and pathogenicities of the SA 14 parent and SA 14-14-2 vaccine strains of Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus in neurons of the mouse brain following intracerebral inoculation were compared. All the mice inoculated with the SA 14 parent strain died within one week postinoculation (p.i.), whereas all the mice inoculated with the SA 14-14-2 vaccine strains survived without showing any signs of central nervous system (CNS) involvement. The virus titers of the mouse brains inoculated with the SA 14 strain reached progressively higher levels until day 5 when the animals died. On the other hand, the virus titers of the mouse brains inoculated with the SA 14-14-2 strain persisted at low levels for several days and could not be detected after 10 days. In the routine electron microscopical study, a majority of neurons in the mouse brains inoculated with the SA 14 strain contained virions and showed characteristic cytopathological changes in connection with viral replication. In the brains inoculated with the SA 14-14-2 strain, however, we failed to find neurons containing virions or showing characteristic cytopathological changes. In the alkaline phosphatase immunostaining of paraffin-embedded sections, a majority of neurons in the brains of mice inoculated with the SA 14 strain stained positively on day 5 p.i., but only a small number of neurons in scattered small foci stained positively in the brains inoculated with the SA 14-14-2 strain. The immunogold staining of Vibratome sections also revealed the identical patterns; moreover, electron microscopical examination of the immunopositive foci of the brain inoculated with the vaccine strain revealed neurons that contained virions in dilated cisternae of rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), indicating that the SA 14-14-2 strain also replicated, albeit poorly, in neurons. The present results showed that upon intracerebral inoculation into mice the SA 14 parent strain of JE virus grew vigorously in a large number of neurons, killing the animals, while the SA 14-14-2 vaccine strain grew poorly only in a small number of neurons without causing mortality. Possible mechanisms involved in the alteration of pathogenicity between the SA 14 parent virus and the SA 14-14-2 vaccine virus are discussed.

PMID:
8503779
DOI:
10.1007/bf01319002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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