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Oncogene. 1993 Jun;8(6):1449-55.

ADP-ribosylation of the rhoA gene product by botulinum C3 exoenzyme causes Swiss 3T3 cells to accumulate in the G1 phase of the cell cycle.

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Department of Pharmacology, Kyoto University Faculty of Medicine, Japan.


Using botulinum C3 exoenzyme, which specifically ADP-ribosylates the rho gene products (rho proteins), we examined the role of these proteins in cell cycle progression in Swiss 3T3 cells. Incubation of cell lysates with C3 exoenzyme revealed a single [32P]ADP-ribosylated protein with an M(r) of 23K. This protein was identified as rhoA protein by isoelectric focusing and peptide mapping. When C3 exoenzyme was added to the culture, it ADP-ribosylated the substrate protein in the cells and reduced their growth rate and saturation density. The reduction was dependent on the amount of C3 exoenzyme and on the extent of ADP-ribosylation of the rho protein in the cells. Flow cytometric analysis of logarithmically growing cells showed that the enzyme treatment concentration-dependently accumulated the cells in the G1 phase of the cell cycle. When G1-enriched cells were treated with C3 exoenzyme and cell cycle progression initiated by the addition of serum was monitored, inhibition of G1-S transition was clearly observed. These results suggest that the rhoA gene product plays a critical role in G1-S progression in cultured Swiss 3T3 cells and that the ADP-ribosylation abolishes this activity and causes the cells to accumulate in G1 phase.

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