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Medicine (Baltimore). 1993 May;72(3):143-50.

Candida krusei fungemia. Report of 4 cases and review of the literature.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Rush Medical College, Chicago, Illinois 60612.


Candida krusei has recently been increasingly recognized as a pathogen in immunocompromised patients with malignancies. We report four immunocompromised patients with C. krusei fungemia and review the literature. Including our 4 cases, 62 cases of C. krusei fungemia were identified in the literature. Detailed information was available for only 25 patients. The clinical features of patients with C. krusei fungemia are similar to those reported for Candida tropicalis. Most patients were neutropenic and more than one half of the patients had received antifungal therapy and had evidence of gastrointestinal mucosal breakdown before the development of C. krusei fungemia. The overall mortality was 48%. Patients treated with regimens containing amphotericin B had improved survival over patients who received no therapy. Favorable response rates were higher in patients receiving high-dose amphotericin B or high-dose amphotericin B plus flucytosine when compared to patients treated with low-dose amphotericin B.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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