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J Reprod Med. 1993 Apr;38(4):289-92.

Analysis of factors determining the selection of repeated cesarean section or trial of labor in patients with histories of prior cesarean delivery.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. John's Mercy Medical Center, St. Louis, Missouri.

Abstract

We investigated the motivation behind procedures in 241 patients with prior cesarean births; 120 had elective repeat cesarean sections and 121 had vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC). Patients were of similar age, gravity and parity, but significantly more patients in the repeat cesarean group had their initial surgery because of failure to progress in labor; significantly more patients in the VBAC group had their initial cesarean section because of fetal distress. The main factors behind the decision to attempt VBAC were patient's desire (81.0%), patient's desire and physician's advice (12.4%) and physician's advice (6.6%). The main factors behind the decision to have repeat cesarean sections were medical or obstetric indication (45.8%), patient's desire (31.6%), patient's desire and physician's advice (9.1%) and physician's advice (13.3%). We conclude that it will be difficult to substantially decrease the present rate of repeat cesarean births, and that preventive efforts should be directed toward decreasing the incidence of primary cesarean deliveries.

PMID:
8501737
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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