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Artif Organs. 1993 Apr;17(4):219-25.

Adverse events of subcutaneous recombinant human erythropoietin therapy: results of a controlled multicenter European study.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Rostock, Germany.


In a controlled European multicenter study, clinical tolerance of subcutaneously administered recombinant human erythropoietin (rh-EPO) therapy and its influence on the course of illness in 362 hemodialyzed patients (162 males, 200 females) from 16 European dialysis centers was studied. Of these, 181 patients served as a control group in the first year and received rh-EPO therapy in the second year. Of the 837 adverse events that occurred, 277 were classified as serious and 560 as nonserious. Thirty-two deaths have been reported for the study population: 18 in the control group and 14 in the therapy group. The individual analysis of the serious adverse events including death demonstrates a protective effect of rh-EPO on the high-risk cardiovascular situation of dialysis patients. Hypertension was no problem, and under rh-EPO therapy an increase in resistance to infection was observed. Subcutaneous rh-EPO treatment might have an even better safety profile than intravenous application.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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