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Clin Exp Immunol. 1977 Jan;27(1):34-7.

The cold activation of the classical complement pathway: The cause of the differences between plasma and serum complement in liver cirrhosis.

Abstract

The mechanism responsible for making the differences between plasma and serum complement (CH50) was studied on eight patients with hepatitis-B(s) antigen negative alcoholic liver cirrhosis. CH50 and C4 activities of the sera of all patients were equal to those of the corresponding EDTA-plasma, when sera wre separated after clotting the blood at 37 degrees C. CH50 and C4 activities of the sera, prepared at 21 degrees C or 4 degrees C, from four of eight patients were very low. When serum from one of these four patients was added to normal human serum, C4 activity of the serum mixture markedly decreased at 4 degrees C but not at 37 degrees C. The inactivation of C4 was prevented by adding EDTA or heparin to the serum mixture. These results indicated that very low complement in the sera, prepared at 21 degrees C or 4 degrees C, of the four cases were due to the cold activation of the classical complement pathway.

PMID:
849648
PMCID:
PMC1540919
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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