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J Biol Chem. 1993 May 25;268(15):10895-9.

Identification of a novel subunit of the type I interferon receptor localized to human chromosome 21.

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Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Illinois 60637.


Expression in mouse cells of the cloned human IFN alpha receptor (IFN alpha R) subunit selectively confers response and binding to human IFN alpha 8, indicating that other subunits are involved in IFN alpha binding. We report here that a new monoclonal antibody (mAb), termed IFNaR beta 1, recognizes a novel IFN alpha R subunit different from the one recently cloned and distinct from the alpha subunit recognized by the IFN alpha R3 mAb. The IFNaR beta 1 mAb blocks the biological effect of seven different Type I IFNs. Immunoprecipitations after cell surface iodination demonstrate that the IFNaR beta 1 mAb recognizes a protein with a molecular mass of 100 kDa in Daudi and U-266 cells that express normal IFN alpha R. However, a 55-kDa protein instead of the 100-kDa product was immunoprecipitated in the IFN alpha-resistant U-937 cell line that express the variant form of the receptor. We also demonstrate that the gene that codes for this novel IFN alpha R subunit maps to human chromosome 21, as do the cloned IFN alpha R subunit and the alpha subunit, indicating the existence of a locus on this chromosome that regulates binding for Type I IFNs.

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