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Cell. 1993 May 7;73(3):611-20.

Epidermal growth factor regulates p21ras through the formation of a complex of receptor, Grb2 adapter protein, and Sos nucleotide exchange factor.

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  • 1Signal Transduction Laboratory, Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Lincoln's Inn Fields, London, England.


Antisera against murine Son of sevenless (Sos) recognize a protein of M(r) 155,000 in rat-1 fibroblasts with specific guanine nucleotide exchange activity toward p21c-Ha-ras. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor coimmunoprecipitates with Sos from EGF-stimulated, but not quiescent, cells. The SH2 and SH3 domain-containing "adapter" protein Grb2 is also found in Sos immunoprecipitates in an EGF-inducible manner. In vitro reconstitution shows that Grb2 is required for the binding of activated EGF receptor to Sos. A phosphopeptide corresponding to tyrosine 1068 of the EGF receptor blocks both the assembly of the complex and EGF stimulation of nucleotide exchange on p21ras in a permeabilized cell system. These results suggest that EGF-induced activation of nucleotide exchange on p21ras proceeds through the recruitment of cytosolic Sos to a complex with EGF receptor and Grb2 at the plasma membrane.

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