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Biochemistry. 1993 May 11;32(18):4925-30.

Role of beta-turn in proteolytic processing of peptide hormone precursors at dibasic sites.

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1
Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Unité de Recherches Associée au CNRS 1682, Paris, France.

Abstract

Proteolytic activation of prohormones and proproteins occurs most frequently at the level of basic amino acids arranged in doublets. Previous predictions by Rholam et al. [Rholam, M., Nicolas, P., & Cohen, P. (1986) FEBS Lett. 207. 1-6] have indicated, on the basis of 20 prohormone sequences containing 53 dibasic potential processing sites, that dibasic sites situated in, or next to, beta-turns were cleaved in vivo, whereas sites included in ordered structures like beta-sheets or alpha-helices were not. We have used peptide analogs of the proocytocin/neurophysin processing domain and a purified preparation of the putative proocytocin convertase from bovine tissues as a model to demonstrate that (1) processing at dibasic sites is associated with a prohormone sequence organized in a beta-turn structure; (2) the beta-turn is an interchangeable motif since the original sequence could be replaced by an heterologous one possessing the ability to organize as a beta-turn; and (3) this particular secondary structure participates in the catalytic reaction, most likely by favoring the interactions of the substrate with the processing endoprotease. It is concluded that, in addition to the dibasic and other amino acids around the cleavage loci, the beta-turn constitutes a key feature in the proteolytic processing reaction in participating as the favorable conformation for optimal substrate-enzyme active site recognition.

PMID:
8490028
DOI:
10.1021/bi00069a029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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