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Biochemistry. 1993 May 11;32(18):4813-9.

Resonance Raman studies of iron-only hydrogenases.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Georgia, Athens 30602.


The nature of the iron-sulfur clusters in oxidized and reduced forms of Fe-only hydrogenases from Desulfovibrio vulgaris, Thermotoga maritima, and Clostridium pasteurianum has been investigated by resonance Raman spectroscopy. The results indicate the presence of ferredoxin-like [4Fe-4S]2+,+ and [2Fe-2S]2+,+ clusters in both T. maritima hydrogenase and C. pasteurianum hydrogenase I, but only [4Fe-4S]2+,+ clusters in D. vulgaris hydrogenase. This necessitates a reevaluation of the iron-sulfur cluster composition of C. pasteurianum hydrogenase I and indicates that the resonance Raman bands in the oxidized hydrogenase that were previously attributed to the hydrogen activating center [Macor, K. A., Czernuszewicz, R. S., Adams, M. W. W., & Spiro, T. G. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 9945-9947] arise from an indigenous [2Fe-2S]2+ cluster. No resonance Raman bands that could be uniquely attributed to the oxidized or reduced hydrogen activating center were observed. This suggests that the hydrogen activating center is a novel Fe center that is unrelated to any known type of Fe-S cluster.

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