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Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1993 May;117(5):521-3.

Concurrent isolation of Candida krusei and Candida tropicalis from multiple blood cultures in a patient with acute leukemia.

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Department of Pathology (Microbiology), H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute, University of South Florida, Tampa 33612-9497.


Reports of the concurrent isolation of more than one non-albicans species of Candida from blood cultures of immunocompromised patients with disseminated candidiasis are extremely infrequent. We report on the isolation of Candida krusei and Candida tropicalis from 17 blood cultures that were taken from a 67-year-old white man with a diagnosis of acute biphenotypic leukemia during a 2-week period of hospitalization for induction chemotherapy. Despite receiving high-dose amphotericin B throughout this period, the status of the patient worsened, and he experienced pancytopenia, hypernatremia, azotemia, and disseminated intravascular coagulation, which led to his death. Candida krusei and C tropicalis were isolated concurrently from 10 of the 17 blood cultures, while C krusei was the single isolate in three cultures and C tropicalis was isolated alone in four cultures. Each species manifested markedly different colonial morphological features. This case report serves to emphasize to microbiologists that they must exercise extreme suspicion when non-albicans species of Candida are isolated singly or concurrently from blood cultures in neutropenic patients, given the increasing clinical significance of these yeasts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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