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Am J Med Genet. 1993 May 15;46(3):288-92.

Molecular and cytogenetic characterization of 9p- abnormalities.

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1
Department of Genetics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510.

Abstract

We report on 2 girls with terminal deletion of the short arm of chromosome 9 with concurrent duplication unrecognizable by routine chromosome studies. The phenotype of the patients was not specifically suggestive of the 9p-syndrome in the absence of trigonocephaly and long philtrum as cardinal manifestations. In addition to psychomotor retardation, their manifestations were mild and include upward slant of palpebral fissures and dolichomesophalangy which are characteristic of del(9p). Chromosome abnormalities were de novo in both cases. The two rearranged chromosomes 9 exhibit similar G-banding patterns and suggested the possible duplication of distal 7p. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a chromosome-7 specific library probe indeed identified that one derivative chromosome 9 was the result of a translocation between chromosomes 7 and 9 [der(9)t(7;9)(p15.3;p24] but failed to detect a signal on the other derivative 9. In the second case, the concurrent abnormality was an inverted duplication of proximal 9p and deletion of distal 9p [inv dup(9)(p13-->p22::p22-->qter)] confirmed by FISH using a chromosome 9 specific library probe. FISH clearly identified the origin of these 2 abnormal chromosomes 9 and provided crucial information for clinical evaluation. We emphasize the importance of utilizing updated cytogenetic and molecular techniques in the precise delineation of subtle or complex abnormalities where there are no useful phenotypic clues.

PMID:
8488873
DOI:
10.1002/ajmg.1320460310
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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