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J Physiol. 1993 Jan;460:221-9.

The central role of corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF-41) in psychological stress in rats.

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1
Department of Physiology, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

1. We investigated the central role of corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF-41) in psychological stress-induced responses, including cardiovascular, thermoregulatory and locomotive activity in free-moving rats. 2. Psychological stress was induced by cage-switch stress. After rats were placed in the novel environment, blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature and locomotive activity significantly increased. The intracerebroventricular (I.C.V.) injection of alpha-helical CRF(9-41), a CRF-41 receptor antagonist, significantly attenuated the stress-induced hypertension, tachycardia, hyperthermia and increase in locomotive activity. However, in unstressed rats, the I.C.V. injection of alpha-helical CRF(9-41) had no effect on physiological parameters measured in this study. 3. In unstressed rats, the I.C.V. injection of CRF-41 (1 microgram and 10 micrograms) increased blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature and locomotive activity in a dose-dependent manner. The changes in these responses were quite similar to those observed during cage-switch stress. 4. The results suggest that central CRF-41 plays an important role in psychological stress-induced hypertension, hyperthermia, tachycardia and increase in locomotive activity. However, it is likely that central CRF-41 does not contribute to normal cardiovascular and body temperature regulation when rats are free from stress.

PMID:
8487193
PMCID:
PMC1175210
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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