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J Neurosurg. 1993 Jun;78(6):944-51.

The effect of transforming growth factor-beta 2-specific phosphorothioate-anti-sense oligodeoxynucleotides in reversing cellular immunosuppression in malignant glioma.

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Department of Neurology, University of Würzburg, Germany.


This in vitro study was aimed at restitution of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 2-mediated suppression of T-lymphocyte activation within malignant gliomas. In early-passage tumor cell cultures of two glioblastomas (HTZ-153 and HTZ-209) and one malignant astrocytoma classified as World Health Organization Grade III (HTZ-243), autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells were activated by interleukin-1 alpha and interleukin-2 in vitro (lymphokine-activated killer cells) and tested for cytotoxic and proliferative activity. In expression studies (Western blot and Northern hybridization) of all three tumors, TGF-beta could be detected at the protein and messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) levels. A polyclonal anti-TGF-beta neutralizing antibody did not enhance lymphocyte proliferation upon stimulation with tumor targets (3H-thymidine incorporation) and slightly stimulated lymphocyte cytotoxicity against autologous target cells. Preincubation of target cells for 12 hours with TGF-beta 2-specific phosphorothioate-anti-sense oligodeoxynucleotides (S-ODN's) did, however, enhance lymphocyte proliferation up to 2.5-fold and autologous tumor cytotoxicity up to 60%, compared to controls not treated with S-ODN's. Incubation of tumor cells with TGF-beta 2-specific S-ODN's resulted in decreased TGF-beta-specific immunoreactivity in cultured glioma cells, in reduced TGF-beta 2 protein concentration (Western blot), and in a change in the expression pattern of TGF-beta 2 mRNA's. These observations may have implications for in vivo and in vitro activation of a cellular immune response against autologous malignant glioma cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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