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J Infect Dis. 1993 May;167(5):1247-51.

Secular trends in the epidemiology of nosocomial fungal infections in the United States, 1980-1990. National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System.

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Hospital Infectious Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333.


To identify pathogens causing nosocomial fungal infections and the secular trend in their incidence in US hospitals, data from the National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System, 1980-1990, were analyzed. During that period, 30,477 fungal infections were reported. The rate rose from 2.0 to 3.8 infections/1000 discharges. The highest number of nosocomial fungal infections/1000 discharges was reported from the burn/trauma service (16.1). Candida albicans was the most frequently isolated fungal pathogen (59.7%), followed by other Candida species (18.6%). The rate increased at all four major anatomic sites of infection. Patients with bloodstream infections who had a central intravascular catheter were more likely to have a fungal pathogen isolated than were other patients with bloodstream infection (relative risk = 3.2; P < .001): 29% of fungemia patients and 17% of patients with bloodstream infection due to other pathogens died during hospitalization (P < .001). Fungi are emerging as important nosocomial pathogens and control efforts should target fungal infections, especially fungemia.

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