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J Clin Invest. 1993 May;91(5):2320-5.

5'-adenosine monophosphate is the neutrophil-derived paracrine factor that elicits chloride secretion from T84 intestinal epithelial cell monolayers.

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Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115.


Neutrophil transmigration across intestinal epithelia is thought to contribute to epithelial dysfunction and characterizes many inflammatory intestinal diseases. Neutrophils activated by factors, normally present in the lumen, release a neutrophil-derived secretagogue activity to which intestinal epithelia respond with an electrogenic chloride secretion, the transport event which underlies secretory diarrhea. Using sequential ultrafiltration, column chromatographic, and mass and Raman spectroscopic techniques, neutrophil-derived secretagogue was identified as 5'-AMP. Additional studies suggested that neutrophil-derived 5'-AMP is subsequently converted to adenosine at the epithelial cell surface by ecto-5'-nucleotidase and that adenosine subsequently activates intestinal secretion through adenosine receptors on the apical membrane of target intestinal epithelial cells. These findings suggest that this ATP metabolite may serve as a neutrophil-derived paracrine mediator that contributes to secretory diarrhea in states of intestinal inflammation.

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