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Nucl Med Biol. 1993 Apr;20(3):337-42.

Simultaneous measurements of twenty-four-hour whole-body retention of 47Ca-chloride and 99mTc-MDP: early differentiation of metabolic bone diseases in rat models.

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Department of Radiological Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Japan.


The 24-h whole-body retention (24-h WBR) of 47Ca-chloride and 99mTc-MDP was measured in four rat models over a 6-week period at 2 week intervals. Fine detail bone radiographs of the femurs and histologic bone specimens were also obtained simultaneously. In the osteomalacic (M) and steroid-induced osteoporotic (S) groups the 24-h WBR values of 47Ca were significantly lower, and in the osteoporotic (P) group were higher than in the control (C) group from the second week. The 24-h WBR values of 99mTc-MDP were significantly higher in the M group and were lower in the S group from the second week. Simultaneous measurements of 24-h WBR of these two radiopharmaceuticals facilitated the early differentiation of metabolic bone diseases in the animal models prior to the detection of radiologic bone changes.

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