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Virology. 1993 May;194(1):254-62.

Temperature-sensitive mutants in the vaccinia virus A18R gene increase double-stranded RNA synthesis as a result of aberrant viral transcription.

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Department of Immunology and Medical Microbiology, University of Florida, Gainesville 32610.


Mutations in the vaccinia gene A18R cause activation of the cellular ribonucleolytic 2-5A pathway. To determine the mechanism of 2-5A pathway activation, mutant infections were analyzed for synthesis of double-stranded RNA and for transcription of individual virus genes. At late times postinfection, A18R mutant-infected cells contained an increased amount of complementary RNA and a higher steady state level of RNA from regions of the genome transcribed normally only early in the infection. The phenotype of A18R ts mutants is indistinguishable from that of wild-type infections done in the presence of isatin-beta-thiosemicarbazone (IBT). Actinomycin D is a potent inhibitor of activation of the 2-5A pathway in IBT-treated wt infections. Based on these observations, we conclude that the phenotype induced by A18R mutants or by IBT treatment of wt infections is caused by a loss of control of late viral transcription.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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