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Res Commun Chem Pathol Pharmacol. 1993 Mar;79(3):293-312.

Antiproliferative and antimetastatic effects of gossypol on Dunning prostate cell-bearing Copenhagen rats.

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1
Department of Veterinary Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus.

Abstract

Gossypol, a polyphenolic aldehyde naturally present in cottonseed, has long been recognized as a male contraceptive and recently as a potential anticancer agent. Our study used a rodent model to evaluate gossypol's potential for the treatment of human prostatic carcinoma. Two-month-old Copenhagen male rats received subcutaneous implants of a subpassage of MAT-LyLu prostatic cancer line, a highly metastatic, androgen-independent Dunning prostate tumor subline that specifically metastasizes to lymph nodes and lungs of recipients. After 2 weeks of gossypol treatment (0 or 12.5 mg/kg B.W./day S.C.) initiated immediately after transplantation, the rats were sacrificed and evaluated for prostate tumor growth and metastasis. Testosterone and gossypol levels in tumor tissue and various reproductive organs and serum potassium level were measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA), high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) and atomic emission spectroscopy (AES), respectively. Gossypol-treated rats exhibited weight reductions in developed MAT-LyLu prostate tumor mass and prostate of 24% (p < 0.05) and 31% (p < 0.05), respectively; whereas testicular and epididymal weights were not significantly affected. Few metastases (20%) were observed in either lymph nodes or lungs of gossypol-treated recipients. The control rats, however, had a much higher rate of lung (60%) and lymph node metastasis (40%). Testicular testosterone levels, as measured by RIA, were significantly lower in gossypol-treated rats than in controls (p < 0.05), but serum testosterone levels were not different. Extractable gossypol content in the prostate tumor, as measured by HPLC, reached 19.67 ng/gm and was 1.28 times higher than in liver, 1.98 times higher than in testes, but was 3.3% of that in prostate. Moreover, serum had the highest gossypol content (10.7 micrograms/ml). Serum potassium levels, as measured by AES, were significantly higher in gossypol-treated individuals than controls (p < 0.05). Our results indicate for the first time that gossypol has antiproliferative and antimetastatic effects on MAT-LyLu prostate cancer cells and can be explored as a potential therapeutic agent for androgen-independent human prostatic carcinoma.

PMID:
8480076
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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