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Endocrinology. 1993 May;132(5):2017-23.

Insulin-like growth factor I regulates c-myc and GAP-43 messenger ribonucleic acid expression in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells.

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Department of Neurology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109.


In the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y, insulin-like growth factors I (IGF-I) and II (IGF-II) are established mitogens, and IGF-I appears to promote SH-SY5Y neuronal differentiation. Studies show that c-myc gene product is a transcription factor associated with cell proliferation, and that c-myc messenger RNA levels decrease in differentiating SH-SY5Y neurons. Using Northern analysis we show that 24 h exposure of SH-SY5Y cells to IGF-I (3-10 nM) causes a 3- to 5-fold decrease in c-myc expression. The decrease in c-myc expression due to IGF-I is mediated via the type I IGF receptor and coincides with an IGF-I-mediated induction of the neuronal differentiation markers growth cone associated protein 43 and tissue type plasminogen activator. Under these conditions, IGF-I (10 nM) did not markedly affect the levels of Max messenger RNA expression. Thus, the differentiation promoting activity of IGF-I in SH-SY5Y cells in part due to IGF-I-dependent regulation of the expression of genes involved in neuronal differentiation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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