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J Chem Neuroanat. 1993 Mar-Apr;6(2):101-14.

Collateral axons of cholinergic pontine neurones projecting to midline, mediodorsal and parafascicular thalamic nuclei in the rat.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy, School of Medical Sciences, Bristol, UK.

Abstract

The organization of collateral axons projecting from neurones in the pontine laterodorsal tegmental nucleus (LDTg) has been examined using combinations of retrograde neuronal tracers with immunocytochemical markers for the acetylcholine-synthesizing enzyme choline acetyltransferase (CHAT), focussing on projections to the midline, mediodorsal and parafascicular thalamic nuclei and the ventral tegmental area. 25-59% of LDTg neurones projecting to the mediodorsal nucleus provided collaterals to the midline nuclei. Virtually all (87-96%) of these double retrogradely labelled neurones appeared cholinergic. 9-18% of LDTg neurones projecting to the parafascicular nuclei also provided a collateral to the midline nuclei and 50-78% of these double retrogradely labelled neurones stained for CHAT. 26-29% of the single LDTg neurones which projected collaterals to both the mediodorsal and midline nuclei, were found to project a third collateral to the ventral tegmental area. These anatomical findings, taken together with functional evidence, suggest that cholinergic terminals arising from LDTg are involved in coordinating thalamic mechanisms of brain state control; and in regulating dopaminergic pathways, both directly and via the thalamus.

PMID:
8476540
DOI:
10.1016/0891-0618(93)90031-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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