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Anticancer Res. 1993 Jan-Feb;13(1):167-71.

Role of N-linked glycosylation in cell-cycle progression and initiation of DNA synthesis in tumor-transformed human fibroblasts.

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Department of Tumor Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


In this study we show that proliferation of cycling tumor-transformed human fibroblasts (line 90VAV1) is blocked specifically in G1 by HMG CoA reductase inhibition. This inhibition also resulted in a drastic depression of N-linked glycosylation, measured as incorporation of radioactive glucosamine into acid-insoluble material. Following addition of mevalonate to cells arrested by HMG CoA reductase inhibitors, the depression of N-linked glycosylation was overcome and the cells initiated DNA synthesis. However, if the mevalonate-induced increase in protein glycosylation was prevented, due to addition of tunicamycin (an inhibitor of N-linked glycosylation), the cells were not able to proliferate. If instead tunicamycin was added 4 h after the addition of mevalonate, the cells synthesized DNA normally. Upon addition of tunicamycin, to cycling cells the progression through G1 was blocked in a similar way to that following HMG CoA reductase inhibition. Taken together, our data provide strong evidence for involvement of N-linked glycosylation in the mevalonate-controlled cell cycle progression and growth activation of tumor-transformed human fibroblasts.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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