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Am J Physiol. 1993 Apr;264(4 Pt 1):L413-8.

Interleukin-8: an important chemoattractant in sputum of patients with chronic inflammatory airway diseases.

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1
Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0130.

Abstract

Sputum from patients with cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, and chronic bronchitis contains neutrophils and neutrophil proteases, which have been implicated in the pathophysiology of mucus hypersecretion in airways. We asked whether interleukin-8 (IL-8), a potent neutrophil chemoattractant, might be involved in recruiting neutrophils into airways of patients with cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, and chronic bronchitis. We found significant neutrophil chemotactic activity in sputum obtained from these patients. The IL-8 concentrations that we measured in sputum of patients with cystic fibrosis (7.1 +/- 1.0 x 10(-9) M, mean +/- SE), bronchiectasis (9.6 +/- 2.9 x 10(-9) M), and chronic bronchitis (2.8 +/- 1.0 x 10(-9) M) have been reported to cause significant chemotaxis in vitro and in airways in vivo, whereas concentrations measured in induced sputum from healthy subjects (1.1 +/- 0.3 x 10(-10) M) do not. A monoclonal antibody to IL-8 significantly inhibited the chemotactic activity in patients' sputum by 75-98%, but not in induced sputum from healthy subjects (9%). We conclude that IL-8 is an important chemotactic factor in sputum of patients with cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, and chronic bronchitis, and we suggest that IL-8 accounts, at least in part, for neutrophil recruitment into airways of patients with these diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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