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J Neurochem. 1993 May;60(5):1941-4.

The chronic administration of nicotine induces cytochrome P450 in rat brain.

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Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa 33612.


The objective of these studies was to determine whether chronic administration of nicotine altered the cytochrome P450 (P450) monooxygenase system in rat brain. Male Sprague-Dawley rats received injections of nicotine bitartrate (1.76 mg/kg, s.c., twice daily for 10 days), and total cytochrome P450 content, the activity of NADPH-cytochrome c reductase, and the activities and relative abundance of P4502B1 and P4502B2 (P4502B1/2) were determined in microsomal fractions from rat brain. The content of P450 increased significantly (p < 0.02) in all brain regions examined from nicotine-injected rats; the largest increase (208% of control) was in frontal cortex and the smallest increase (122% of control) in cerebellum. The activity of NADPH-cytochrome c reductase was unaltered by nicotine administration. Benzyloxyresorufin O-dealkylase (BROD) and pentoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (PROD) activities, mediated by P4502B1/2, increased significantly (p < 0.02) following nicotine administration; the largest increase (213-227% of control) was in frontal cortex. Western blots of microsomal proteins indicated that the increase in enzymatic activity was associated with an increase in content of P4502B1/2 immunoreactive proteins. In contrast to brain, total P450 content, activities of NADPH-cytochrome c reductase, BROD, and PROD, and levels of P4502B1/2 immunoreactive proteins in liver were unaffected by chronic nicotine administration. Results indicate that chronic nicotine administration regulates the expression of P4502B1/2 in brain and that at the dose schedule used this effect occurs without a demonstrable effect on the hepatic P450 monooxygenase system.

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