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J Biol Chem. 1993 Apr 25;268(12):9049-54.

Molecular cloning of human prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase type II and demonstration of expression in response to cytokines.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City 84112.


Prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase (PHS) catalyzes the committed step in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and thromboxane. We recently observed dissociation of PHS activity and enzyme mass measured in an immunoassay of endothelial cells exposed to tumor necrosis factor. These data and observations by others suggested that endothelial cells express an alternate PHS. We now report the molecular cloning of human PHS type II from an endothelial cell cDNA library. The protein encoded by this cDNA shares 61% identity with the human PHS I. Southern analysis demonstrated a single copy of PHS II and we found a polymorphism in approximately 5% of the population. PHS II mapped to chromosome 1, in contrast to PHS I, which is on chromosome 9. The PHS II cDNA hybridized strongly to a 4.3-kilobase (kb) message from endothelial cells. Stimulation of the cells with tumor necrosis factor, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, lipopolysaccharide, or interleukin-1 increased mRNA levels for PHS II, and this change correlated well with increased prostacyclin biosynthesis. Cycloheximide induced PHS II mRNA without a corresponding activity increase demonstrating that translation of the 4.3-kb message is required for increased prostacyclin biosynthesis. We conclude that expression of PHS II may have important pathophysiological effects in the vasculature.

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